Project Loon – “Internet for Everyone”
As the header says it all. I don’t wanna take much time to tell that, Google‘s Project Loon can be the cure to provide internet to everyone and everywhere. So, let’s explore what’s the Project Loon is and everything associated with it.
What is Project Loon?
Many of us think of the Internet as a global community, that is almost everywhere. Is it?
In reality, two-thirds of the world’s population does not yet have Internet access. Project Loon can be the cure for this. Project Loon is a network of balloons traveling on the edge of space (Stratosphere). It is designed to connect people in rural and remote areas, help fill coverage gaps, and bring people back online after disasters.
What is the Technology?
Project Loon balloons float in the stratosphere, twice as high as airplanes, geographic artifacts and the weather. In the stratosphere, there are many layers of wind, and each layer of wind varies in direction and speed. Loon balloons go where they’re needed by rising or descending into a layer of wind blowing in the desired direction of travel.
By partnering with Telecommunications companies to share cellular spectrum, Project Loon enabled people to connect to the ballooned network directly from their phones and other LTE-enabled devices. The signal is then passed across the balloon network and back down to the global Internet on Earth.
How Loon Works / Flies?
Project Loon balloons travel approximately 20 km above the Earth’s surface in the stratosphere.
Winds in the stratosphere are stratified, and each layer of wind varies in speed and direction. Project Loon uses software algorithms to determine where its balloons need to go, then moves each one into a layer of wind blowing in the right direction. By moving with the wind, the balloons can be arranged to form one large communications network. The communication network will be strong enough to provide high bandwidth interent with very less or negligble effects.
What’s the Design?
The design is quite simple and eco-friendly.
The inflatable part of the balloon is called a Balloon Envelope. A well-made balloon envelope is critical for allowing a balloon to last around 100 days in the stratosphere. Loon’s balloon envelopes are made from sheets of polyethylene plastic, and they measure fifteen meters wide by twelve meters tall when fully inflated.
When a balloon is ready to be taken out of service, gas is released from the envelope to bring the balloon down to Earth in a controlled descent. In the unlikely event that a balloon drops too quickly, a parachute attached to the top of the envelope is deployed.
How Loon Connects?
Each balloon can provide connectivity to a ground area about 80 km in diameter using a wireless communications technology called LTE. To use LTE, Project Loon partners with telecommunications companies to share cellular spectrum so that people will be able to access the Internet everywhere directly from their phones and other LTE-enabled devices. Balloons relay wireless traffic from cell phones and other devices, back to the global Internet using high-speed links.
For more info and data regarding Project Loon, visit the URL below..
Project Loom – Resource
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